Ethical codes abound - here's a list of just a few of them with relevance to how nonprofit organizations or private action for the public benefit.
Asilomar Convention: Ethical decision making in higher education research
A manifesto for the future of the 'right to be forgotten' debate
The Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights (USA)
Compendium of Ethics and Standards for Nonprofits
The Data Bill of Rights
(A longer, but still not comprehensive, list of examples can be found here)
What, if anything, is different about digital data that requires us to rethink our work in civil society? Here are some characteristics of digital data that may require new ethical choices.
- Digital data can be collected passively, without knowledge or consent of those from whom the data are collected.
- Digital data enable the application of predictive analytics the accuracy or validity of which are still unknown.
- Digital data can be stored remotely, and for unknown lengths of time, by third parties who have collected the data or purchased the information.
- Digital data alter the time frame for our actions. For example, real-time satellite imagery lets us adjust our interventions with information never before available. Alternatively, stored data collected from a person today may be used to define actions on behalf of or against that person's children or grandchildren. It can both shorten and lengthen the relevant time frame.
Kate Crawford and Jason Schultz, Big Data and Due Process: Toward a Framework to Redress Predictive Privacy Harms.
Neil Richards and Jonathan King, Big Data Ethics