I recently completed the cognitive juggling act of simultaneously reading Alliance Magazine
's very thoughtful issue on philanthropy advisers
while listening to the video stream of the Edge
discussion on "What will change everything?
" at the Genoa Science Festival.
The September 2010 issue of Alliance
features articles from Melissa Berman, Felicitas Von Peter and Olga Alexeeva - three of the most accomplished, creative, and globally connected advisers in this space. They've all been instrumental in formalizing, expanding, and setting standards of practice for advising the wealthy about their giving in major regions of the world (the U.S., Europe, the U.K. and Russia). They raise important issues for the professionals in this space and the clients who will use their services.
Philanthropy advising as a service is becoming institutionalized, professional, and better. It will probably soon be held to certain standards, may become focused on impact rather than asset management, and there will be a move to professional accreditations. There will be a scandal or two. There are real
ethical challenges - such as those raised by Caroline Hartnell in this article
, in which the business interests of some advisers seem to be at odds with both the client's interests and what is "best" for the field. Ethical standards, clarity about the business interests of all involved (as with other financial advisers), and consumer education about what kinds of advisers do what can only help. There will be new tools and alliances that tie together the donor networks, the explicit data on change, and the trusted advisers. Philanthropy advising has been growing the way many industries do and the article in Alliance marks the moment in which it became publicly self-aware.
Which is somewhat funny, because the more I read in the magazine the more I kept thinking there was something missing from the story. In 2010 I shouldn't be able to read a snapshot of an emergent industry and come away feeling like the future of that industry is pre-ordained to follow the same trajectory that Michael Porter
and others identified thirty years ago. The examples, practices, and issues raised in the Alliance feature section collectively sound as if philanthropy is still offline, only the rich, and only slightly concerned with investing. That's not where I think philanthropy is now or where I see its future, and so it's not where I think the future of advising will be.
I kept thinking that the future of philanthropy advising is peer-to-peer. (By the way, it's also part of the past of philanthropy advising). One of the amazingly underestimated elements of the Gates/Buffet Giving Pledge
is the way in which it flat-out demonstrated what we've always known about giving - when a peer, a friend, or a family member asks you to give, you give. Gates and Buffet asked their peers to give (most of whom already were) and they did. In the model that has always been with us, and the model that the Giving Pledge brought to a new level, a person asked a person to give and they gave.
One of the few really big gifts this year - Mark Zuckerberg's $100 million to Startup:Education is classic peer-to-peer philanthropy advising. Zuckerberg turned to his Facebook COO, Sheryl Sandberg, who turned to her network
s to find an opportunity that met the donor's interests. More formal versions of these peer network advisory structures include the programs of TPW-W
, Legacy Venture
, Bolder Giving
, Social Venture Partners
, and Global Philanthropy Forum
. There may be service providers, evaluation vendors and professional advisers in the mix, but the learning, ideas, partnerships, and even finding trusted advisers happens through these peer networks.
Peer to peer philanthropy advising is what is being built with social networks, many-to-many communications strategies, and globally connected datasets. It includes the "askers" and the advisers. It includes what I call the "doers" and the "donors." It includes the tweets and blogs on how to give to disasters
, how to find the right giving vehicle, the data on nonprofits, the online communities talking about social entrepreneurship
and re-creating social finance
. At this moment, peer to peer philanthropy advising is a hodgepodge of smart folks and charlatans, of blowhards and thoughtful experts, of those looking to make a buck and those looking to make a difference. It will be these networks of peers that professional advisers - whether they are selling a bank's services or independent evaluation or research - need to service in the future.
The cost of entry to becoming an adviser - formal, institutionalized and working with the world's wealthiest - or informal, online, and iterating as you go - is almost negligible. While those featured in Alliance Magazine are going through the very important industrial life stage of maturation, the rest of the field is still a scatter plot of providers, practices, tools, advisers, and products. From the Alliance feature, we get one side of the story - the traditional narrative of financial innovations over time, in which the services and products developed for the wealthiest are first experimented with, than standardized, and then repackaged to trickle down to mid market when the costs are right.
But in our world today, where data are increasingly commodified and analysis/synthesis/expertise increasingly dispersed - the innovations from the bottom will - and should - affect the thinking of the top. Networks can generate more ideas, vet more ideas, and provide a more robust feedback process than any single adviser. They can mix experts and crowds. They can make sense of data in ways that individuals never will.
In Genoa, Clay Shirky answers the question of "What will change everything?" with "coordinated voluntary participation
." He uses an example
from the Polymath mathematics community
- where the world's smartest mathematicians are upending centuries of professional practice to solve their field's longest standing, unsolvable problems. The story is not about the math but about how the math is done.
For philanthropy advisers, the parallel is to think not just about the philanthropy but how the philanthropy is done. And philanthropy - the long tail that provides the bulk of the private resources for public good - is all about "coordinated voluntary participation." How can the on-the-ground wisdom of long tail influence the wealthiest givers? How can the expertise and research that the big foundations pay for be used by the rest of us?